With Linux, to use a storage device, you must mount it.
For this tutorial I use a USB stick of 32GB, with a partition formatted in NTFS.
1 : Before connecting the storage device, run the following command :
sudo blkid you should see something like that :
2 : Connect your storage device (USB Stick, HDD etc.) to your Raspberry Pi and run the following command again :
sudo blkid you should have a new line that tells us that the device is called “sda1” and is formatted as “NTFS”.
Take note of the path “/dev/sda1”, at your place it will be may be “/dev/sdb1″ ou “/dev/sdc1″… and UUID which is a hexadecimal suite for example :
3 : Create a mount point for your storage device with the command :
sudo mkdir -p /mnt/mymedia. Here our mount point is called “mymedia” but you can call it as you wish, exemple “mkdir /mnt/abcd”.
4 : To be sure to not having problems with access to the mounted directory, we will assign it to the user “pi” with the following commands :
sudo chown -R pi:pi /mnt/mymedia
5 : As our storage device is formatted in NTFS, we will instill the “ntfs-3g” with the command :
sudo apt-get install ntfs-3g -y
6 : To mount your device on every start of the Raspberry Pi, we will add a line in the file “fstab”, to do it :
6.1 : Type the following command :
sudo nano /etc/fstab
6.2 : Add the following line before the comments :
UUID=0A84BF770A84BF77 /mnt/mymedia ntfs-3g defaults 0 0 . Your “fstab” file should look like this :
Type ctrl+o then ENTER to save the changes, type ctrl+x to exit the editor.
The advantage of mounting with the “UUID” is that if you plug your storage device into another USB port, it will always be mounted.
7 : We will mount our device for the first time with the following command :
sudo mount -o uid=pi -o gid=pi -t ntfs-3g /dev/sda1 /mnt/mymedia
8 : We rebooted with the command :
sudo reboot now
9 : Once rebooted, log in with SSH and type the command
ls /mnt/mymedia to see if the contents of your device are listed.
It’s not more complicated than that 🙂